Who is the Apostle Johns writing about in John chapter 1 verses 1 - 3?
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 All things were created through Him, and apart from Him not one thing was created that has been created.
Who is this Word? It is Jesus Christ!
In the beginning is clearly meant to equate this verse with Genesis 1:1, In the Beginning God created the heavens and the earth. What is interesting here is who God is. The Hebrew word for God here is Elohim El means mighty or strong and him (heem) is a plural ending that indicates more than one. So Elohim is the name for the Creator God and is plural. This does not mean that there is more than one God; rather it is giving us an indication of the Holy Trinity which is a topic for a later date.
Another interesting thing about Genesis 1:1 is that there is no effort to prove God. As it says in the Henry Morris Study Bible; it was recorded in the beginning when no one doubted God.
The New American Commentary says; the first verse of the Gospel contains three basic affirmations that are fundamental to Christian theology. As E. Haenchen noted, the reader might well anticipate that John’s first statement would be an affirmation that links God and the beginning. The surprise is that he began by linking the Logos (Word) with the beginning. This statement asserts that the Logos existed before creation began, which John confirms this assertion in the two following verses.
Affirmation 1: In the beginning was the Word (logos)
Affirmation 2: and the Word was with God
Affirmation 3: and the Word was God
The Greek translation for word is logos which in this instance corresponds with the Aramaic word “memra” which also means word and was used by the rabbis before and after Yeshua or Jesus when speaking of God’s expression of Himself. Drilling down a bit further, the Hebrew word “davar” is translated in the Greek Septuagint which is the Greek version of the Old Testament, which means not only word but thing or matter according to the Jewish New Testament Commentary. Richard Wurmbrand, a messianic Jew suggested this translation for the beginning of verse one; “In the beginning was the real thing.”